Species identification made easy!


A medium-sized bird of prey, with wide wings, a short neck and a shortish tail – roughly as long as the bird’s wings are wide. Southward migration may begin in August, with main migration late Sept–early Oct. Returns from early March, with main northward migration in late April. Sometimes winters in Finland (when voles are plentiful), but more typically winters in Africa (ssp. vulpinus) and Europe (ssp. buteo).

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